Fortresses and castles are romantic and exciting witnesses of bygone times. True, there are buildings among them that collapsed over time, but still many of them survived or were re-built and restored. To date, some castles and fortresses in Germany are open to the public and even include hotels and restaurants. Others simply represent a wonderful picture with the surrounding landscape. To present you with a couple of examples, we will tell you about the most beautiful castles and fortresses in Germany, in our opinion. Some of them are world famous, others remain underestimated and hardly visited.

Fortress Lowenburg in Kassel

The fortress was built between 1793 and 1801 in a mountain park Wilhelmshöhe. Lowenburg considered a typical baroque summer residence. Now Loewenburg has become even more attractive to visitors, as the interior of the fortress and its main tower have been restored again.

During your visit, you should definitely see the nearby greenhouse. Along with orchids, palm trees and camellias, you can even find bananas here. The dance hall is also attractive to visit.

Liechtenstein Castle in Gonau

Liechtenstein Castle is located not far from the town of Gonau in the Routling district. The castle is located not just on an ordinary hill, but on a real rock. The only way to get to the castle is via a bridge, which led to the fact that in the Middle Ages the castle was considered impregnable.

Initially, in 1390, a fortress was built, which, after the war of the 17th century, lost its significance and became uninhabited, which led to its further destruction. In the 19th century, interest in the fortress returned and it was re-erected as Liechtenstein Castle. Today, the fortress can only be visited as part of a guided tour.

Wartburg castle in Eisenach

Does this name sound familiar to you? No wonder, because there is no other German castle that would be so closely connected with the history of the country.

The castle was the abode of the reformer Martin Luther и Saint Elizabeth. But perhaps the most important event that took place on the territory of the castle was Wartburg holiday.

Schwerin Castle

Schwerin Castle located in the middle of the city on its own island and its features do not end there. The roots of this building, which in our opinion belongs to the most beautiful castles in Germany, go back to 956. A Slavic fortress was mentioned here, which was located on the site of today's castle.

Later, the Dukes of Mecklenburg lived in the fortress. Since 1990, the castle has served as the seat of the Landtag of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Part of the castle, which is a museum, is open to the public. Also noteworthy is the beautiful garden of the castle.

Reichsburg Cochem Castle in Koblenz

Do you want to dive into Middle Ages? Then head to Reichsburg Cochem Castle. Here you will be offered various activities. You can visit a knight's feast or celebrate a wedding according to medieval canons. In addition to the Fortress Festival, which is always held at the beginning of August and Christmas at the Fortress in December, there are plenty of activities to participate in as well.

The castle was built at the beginning of the 12th century and was for some time in the possession of the king. The castle was destroyed in the 17th century and rebuilt again in the 19th century. The location of the castle is also something special. The castle is located on a mountain and towers over the small town of Cochem.

Heidelberg castle

One of the most famous buildings in the list of the most beautiful fortresses and castles in Germany is the castle in Heidelberg Or what's left of it. Heidelberg Castle is the ruins that survived after the castle was destroyed by the soldiers of Ludwig XIV. Instead of restoring the building, it was destroyed and used for some time as a stone quarry.

In the 19th century, the castle was nevertheless sanitized, so that its condition would not deteriorate further. Only some rooms of the castle were restored. Despite this, today the castle is a symbol of the beautiful Heidelberg old town, which is located below the castle and has attracted crowds of tourists since the beginning of the 19th century. Today, the surviving parts of the castle are reminiscent of how luxurious and majestic the building once was. During the tour, you will learn even more about the then building and about the many legends and myths that arose around the castle.

Fort Eltz on the Moselle

Half an hour away by car along the beautiful Moselle from Reichsburg Cochem is the next candidate in the list of the most beautiful fortresses and castles in Germany. Fortress Eltz is located on the outskirts of the Eifel mountain range in the town of Wischem on a hill in the Eltz valley.

The fortress was donated in 1157 by Frederick I Barbarossa to the Eltz noble family, after whom the fortress got its name. And to this day, the fortress remains in the possession of the family, for more than 850 years. The real highlight of the fortress is the fact that it has never been captured. The fortress has been completely preserved to this day and offers, along with excursions, its own restaurant.

Herrenchiemsee Palace

Herrenchiemsee castle It doesn't look very luxurious from the outside. True, the building is beautiful, but has fairly simple shapes and structures. But if you cross the threshold of the palace and find yourself in its premises, your impression will change dramatically. The castle is furnished in a noble way and strongly resembles its prototype, the castle of Versailles in France.

The palace has a huge hall of mirrors, which is even larger in size than the original. The construction of the castle began in 1878 by order of the Bavarian "fairytale king" Ludwig II, who was greatly impressed by the castle of Versailles in France. Unfortunately, the king died without seeing the completion of the construction of the castle during his lifetime. Shortly after the death of the king, construction work was suspended. The northern wing of the castle remained unfinished for a long time. Today the castle is open for tours. In addition, in 1987 a museum dedicated to the king was opened.

Fortress Hohenzollern

High on the lonely peak of the mountain of the same name rises a fortress Hohenzollern. The fortress is located at an altitude of 855 meters on the outskirts of the Swabian Alb between the communities of Hechingen and Bisingen. It is not the first fortress on this site. The first was completely destroyed in 1423. The newly built fortress in 1454, also after its capture, was in ruins.

Like many castles, the Hohenzollern fortress was rebuilt in the middle of the 19th century. Today, the fortress is a center of attraction for tourists, which is not surprising, because it offers various activities, including a visit to the treasury, among the exhibits of which is the crown of King Wilhelm II.

Neuschwanstein castle in Füssen

The most famous among castles and fortresses in Germany - Neuschwanstein Castle. This is one of the most beloved attractions in Germany and even served as a model for the fairy tale castle at Disneyland.

The castle was built in 1869 for the Bavarian king Ludwig II and was supposed to resemble a medieval knight's fortress. The king wanted to use the castle as a place of seclusion. Today's influx of tourists suggests otherwise. Neuschwanstein Castle has up to 10 thousand visitors a day. You can visit the castle only as part of a guided tour.

About the castles of Belarus, read here.

all photos - pixabay.com

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