Paganism among the Slavs was the main religion until the adoption of Christianity in the 10th century. But here it is immediately worth mentioning the fact that the process of adopting a new faith took a very long time, many people did not want to abandon the traditions of their ancestors and secretly worshiped their old gods.

paganism among the Slavs

Slavic paganism included several components:

- fetishism - belief in the supernatural power of any object (figurine, doll, unusual stone, animal bone, etc.);

- animism - belief in the soul and spirits, the idea that all nature is a living organism;

- totemism - was expressed in the cult of the totem with which people associated themselves and wanted to be like. Most often it was animals, less often it was plants, natural and weather phenomena.

A hotel place in Slavic paganism was occupied by magic, rituals, the cult of ancestors and the worship of various gods.

Among the main and influential pagan deities on territory of Belarus can talk about the following:

Perun - this is the god of thunder, lightning, the patron of military operations, he was especially revered by the princes. They turned to Perun for help when it was necessary to punish those who broke the law. He personified male strength and power.

Velez - "cattle god", protector of animals, keeper of wealth. He was worshiped and sought after by all the hunters. It was Veles who made sacrifices and gifts when a person wanted to increase his well-being or stop the pestilence of livestock.

paganism among the Slavs

Svarog - this is the god of the sky, fire, family hearth. He was asked for a good harvest, the right weather. He was considered a symbol of the family, ancestors, they turned to him when it was necessary to get some important advice, a hint.

Dazhbog is the god of the sun, summer, fertility. It is designed to protect people from dark forces.

Lada - the patroness of marriage, the goddess of spring, love and family well-being. She was the personification of beauty, a kind of female ideal.

lada pagan goddess

Makosh - the goddess of fate, the patroness of home crafts, especially spinning and weaving, a symbol of motherhood.

Mara - the goddess of death, the patroness of witchcraft and justice. Her season is winter. At the same time, she was "responsible" for fertility, harvesting and harvesting.

Jijel - god of fire, patron of blacksmiths. When overzealous or offended by people, he could overheat the earth so that swamps and forests caught fire.

slavic gods

Along with the gods of the “higher level”, there were many smaller gods, mythological creatures who were responsible for “their territory”.

For example, here are just a few of them:

Vodyanoy (Vodyanik, Vodovik) - the patron of rivers, lakes. It was believed that each body of water had its own guardian. He defended his territory from dark forces or from people who wanted to harm his lands. He could both help a person, and vice versa kill. He was revered by fishermen, for example, the first fish caught should definitely be given to him.

Leshy - owner of the forest. He carefully looked after its cleanliness and that no one ruined it. He could be good - then it was light in the forest and there was no danger, and bad - people were afraid to go into such forests, beingware of getting lost and dying. Everyone who entered Leshy's lands had to show respect to him: say hello, take care of everything that surrounds him, bring something edible as a gift.

leshiy gods of pagan

Brownie - the spirit of the dwelling, its protector. He kept order, protected the owners from diseases, prevented theft and the invasion of evil spirits. The brownie treats lazy owners very badly, who did not clean their homes, did not honor their ancestors, often cursed, often did dirty tricks to such families: broke dishes, did not let them sleep at night, scared them. It was a bad sign, the spirit of the dwelling was leaving. It was believed that the house after this would quickly collapse, and the owners could die.

Beregini - we can say that these are a kind of "guardian angels" of both the whole family and the individual. They came to the rescue when a person was in trouble, danger.

Vazila (Hlevnik, Tabunnik) - patron saint of horses He looks after them, it was believed that at night he takes care of them, mixes magic grass into the feed, from which the animals get stronger.

Polevik - the keeper of the fields, the grain harvest. His favorite time is noon, it was believed that at this time you can see a little old man with a body as black as the earth, with multi-colored eyes, with disheveled hair and a beard of ears and grass.

Roshchenitsy (Gaevki) - Protected all forest living creatures, treated animals from wounds. These beautiful girls could show the way to the Kvetka Paparatsi.

What is mythology and how is it different Belarusian mythologyread the link.

Photos and pictures: pixibay


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