This city is probably familiar to everyone who has been to Montenegro. Crowds flock here during the tourist season travelers from all over the world. Ancient architecture, rich history and amazing location make this place vibrant pearl of Montenegro.

Photo source: reporter.mk

Kotor located at the foot of the Lovcen mountain range on the coast Bay of Kotor, which is included in the 25 most beautiful bays in the world. This is one of the oldest cities in Montenegro, the first mention of it dates back to 168 BC. The old part of the city is included in the list of world cultural heritage UNESCO.

The history of the city includes different periods: Roman, Byzantine, Serbian, period of independence. And from 1420 to 1797 Kotor was under the control of the Republic of Venice.

It was during this period that the city acquired its present form, the Venetian influence left its mark on the architecture of the buildings.

Old city surrounded by fortress walls, which stretch for 4,5 kilometers, climbing a rocky hill, on top of which (260 meters above sea level) is fortress "St. John". The most desperate tourists can climb to it along the fortress wall, overcoming 1400 steps. This walk will take a lot of time, but it's worth it.

Photo source: travel-history.com

The gates of the city are like a time machine, passing through which you find yourself in a different era. Only external blocks of air conditioners on the walls are returned to reality. The first thing that catches your eye is the shutters of the same color - green.

In combination with tiled roofs, they create a unique atmosphere. The old center is a dense interweaving of narrow streets resembling a labyrinth in which it is easy to get lost not only for tourists, but also for local residents.

The main attractions of Kotor:

Cathedral of Saint Tryphon - 1166. In 1667, the cathedral was significantly damaged by an earthquake and was rebuilt. The interior is decorated with frescoes by Greek masters.

Church of St. Mary on the River —1221. It contains the relics of Blessed Hosanna of Kotor.

Church of Saint Clare-18 century. The building houses a library of old handwritten books, the oldest of which dates back to the 10th century.

Also the church St. Michael 14-15 centuries, clock tower - 1602, The Princely Palace 18 century, Palace of the Gregorin family 18th century, in the building of which today is located Maritime Museum of Montenegro.

Church of St. Luke — 1195. There are two altars in the church at once: Catholic and Orthodox. Initially, the temple was Catholic, but in 1657 the city administration allowed Orthodox rites to be held in it.

As you can see in the photo, the architecture is very well preserved. And despite its considerable age, people continue to live within the walls of the old city. This is a building for visitors 16th-18th century - a historical heritage, but for the locals, these are just ordinary houses (just like we live in panels). 

Kotor excursions worth visiting

Locals go about their daily business, shopping, preparing dinner and drying clothes, not paying attention to tourists.

And there are enough tourists. During the tourist season in Port of Kotor big cruise ships come in. Looking at them it is difficult to imagine how they pass through the bay.

Looks like another city is coming to town. There is also a yacht marina in the port. And most often it is from the pier in Kotor that excursions in Boko - Kotor Bay, on small tourist boats.

Not far from the city (only 7 kilometers) is located Tivat airport. In the past, this is a military airport that was closed, and since recently it has received charter flights. From here, tourists are transported to all resorts on the Adriatic coast.

How to get to Kotor?

From airport to Podgorica (the capital of Montenegro) it will take about two hours to get there, but there are much more regular flights. And from the resort towns can be reached by bus or rent a car. For example, from the most popular resort town Budva can be reached in half an hour.

Of course, a half-hour tour is not enough to get a taste of this city. Here you need to stay for a couple of days, join the unhurried rhythm of the locals, see the city at dawn and at sunset, in order to fully feel its atmosphere. Kotor especially for all lovers of old Europe. More about Montenegro here.

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