A place of solitude or a hermit's dwelling - this is how the Hermitage is translated from French (from le ermitage). One of the most impressive museums not only in Russia, but also in the world, as evidenced by the repeated entry into the top of the best museums in the world. Artistic and Cultural-Historical Museum Hermitage в St. Petersburg stores more than 3 million exhibits in its numerous halls.

History of the museum

The Hermitage was born from a private collection Catherine II, which was represented by collectible paintings brought from Berlin. In the future, a grandiose museum was founded in 1764.

Among the first 317 paintings in the collection of Catherine the Great were paintings by Rubens, Jordaens, Hals. Initially, the paintings were kept in separate apartments. Today it is the building of the Small Hermitage.

The next step towards the expansion of the museum was the acquisition of the collection of Count Heinrich von Brühl, the first minister of the Polish King August III. His collection of paintings consisted of 600 paintings by French, Italian and Norman artists.

Dmitry Golitsyn, one of the representatives of the Russian princely family, also contributed to the replenishment of the Hermitage collection. He acquired canvases in one of the largest galleries in Paris. The new exhibits of the museum are valuable paintings Raphael's Holy Family, Titian's Danae, Rembrandt's The Return of the Prodigal Son, Rubens' Descent from the Cross and works by other great artists.

The English banker Lyde-Brown sold his collection for the Hermitage, which included ancient statues and Michelangelo's famous marble sculpture Crouching Boy.

Museum expansion

However, there was less and less space in the art gallery. For this reason, they began to build a new building - the Great Hermitage. Its construction was completed in 1782.

They visited the private estates of Catherine the Great only on recommendations (as they say now, “acquaintance”). Gradually, the gallery was replenished with new works of art, and by 1852, when the museum opened for visitors, the Hermitage already kept in its halls an extensive collection of world masterpieces of art.

Unfortunately, the museum in St. Petersburg lost many valuable exhibits during a big sale organized by the government of the USSR. During the Second World War, the museum was closed, and the main part of the Hermitage collection was taken to the Urals. But after the end of hostilities, the exhibits were returned to the Hermitage, moreover, the gallery was supplemented with trophy art objects.

The gallery continued to grow, including exhibits from Russian galleries and museums. In 2006, the Hermitage 20/21 project was organized to develop interest in contemporary art.

Halls of the Hermitage

The main museum in St. Petersburg is located in the central part of St. Petersburg, on the Palace Embankment of the Neva.

The central link of the complex of museums is Winter Palace, built by Bartolomeo Francesco Rastrelli for Empress Elizabeth. In the halls of the historical monument of baroque and rococo architecture there is a permanent exhibition of paintings and sculptures, historical artifacts of past centuries. At the moment, there are 16 halls in the Winter Palace: the Large and Small throne rooms, the Jordan Gallery, the chambers of Empress Mary, the Military Gallery and others.

The Small Hermitage conceived as a greenhouse. The Small Hermitage complex includes the Hanging Garden, the North and South Pavilions. The building got its name from the "small hermitages" - evenings that the empress arranged in the palace. Here, in the longitudinal galleries, the first exhibits of the museum were kept.

Erected as a place to house an art collection, New Hermitage, solemnly opened in 1852. The architects of the new building in the architectural style "historicism" were V. Stasov and N. Efimov. The halls contain collections of ancient paintings and art, sculptures. The Art Gallery is located on the second floor of the New Hermitage.

Valuable canvases and objects of Italian Renaissance art can be seen in the building Big (Old) Hermitage. The building became a "home" for the replenished exhibits of the museum. By the way, there was also a library. A building was attached to the Great Hermitage, in which the Loggia of Raphael is located - a gallery similar to the papal gallery in the Vatican.

From the Raphael Loggia you have a beautiful view of the Hermitage Theater. The creation belongs to the hands of the architect Giacomo Quarenghi. The interior uses artificial marble, the walls are decorated with sculptures and columns. Theatrical performances have been held here since the 18th century. To this day, the theater functions, and exhibitions are organized in the foyer.

The exposition, where you can learn about the history and culture of Russia in the first third of the XNUMXth century, is kept within the walls Menshikov Palace. The building was built in the Baroque style in 1710. The interior of the palace deserves special attention. In addition, the governor of St. Petersburg, Menshikov, collected an extensive collection of coins, paintings, books and art objects, which are still kept in exhibition halls.

On Palace Square, opposite the Imperial Palace, the Palace Ensemble is completed by the building General Staff. The art exhibition is located in the left wing of the building.

The Hermitage museum complex includes Museum of the Imperial Porcelain Factory.

Tickets to the Hermitage

The cost of a ticket to the Hermitage depends on the number of objects that you want to visit in the museum. You can buy a ticket at the museum box office or online at hermitagemuseum.org. Take a tour from the list below:

300 rubles

Visit to one of the objects of the Hermitage (Menshikov Palace, Winter Palace of Peter I, Museum of the Imperial Porcelain Factory, Restoration and Storage Center "Staraya Derevnya")

400 rubles

Entrance ticket to the main museum complex, the Winter Palace and the General Staff Building.

700 rubles

Visiting the main museum complex, the General Staff Building, the Winter Palace, the Menshikov Palace and the Museum of the Imperial Porcelain Factory.

Online tickets to the Hermitage

680 rubles

Entrance ticket to the Main Museum Complex and the Main Headquarters

1020 rubles

Ticket to visit the Main Museum Complex and exposition complexes (General Headquarters, Winter Palace of Peter I, Menshikov Palace, Museum of the Imperial Porcelain Factory). Ticket for 2 days.

If you have purchased e-tickets, please remember that they are valid for 180 days from the date of order.

How to get to the Hermitage for free

Every first Thursday of the month, individual museum visitors can enter the Hermitage free of charge.

There is no need to pay an entrance fee for preschoolers, schoolchildren, students in educational institutions, students of all nationalities and retired citizens of Russia.

Opening hours of the Hermitage

Daily from 10.30 to 18.00.
Wed, Fri from 10.30 to 21.00
Weekend - January 1 and May 9

Address: Palace Square 2, St. Petersburg

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Sasha Poshykovich
Sasha Poshykovich
5 years ago

Peter is something