History of the Minsk metro begins with an unusual fact: there are two opening dates − June 29 and 30, 1984 of the year. Remarkably, there is nothing surprising or strange in this. On the 29th, the first train was launched for the most senior officials of the USSR and specifically Minsk. Metro builders and honored guests also had the honor to ride on it.
And on June 30, the metro was opened for everyone to appreciate the new mode of transport in our capital.
Сdancesи in Minsk metro often changed their names. For example, the Moskovskaya station was originally planned to be placed in front of the Lenin Square station, but it was renamed the Institute of Culture. When planning the first metro line, the real Moskovskaya was called Volgogradskaya for a long time.
And here are a few more names that were in the projects:
"Oktyabrskaya" could be "Central Square";
"Academy of Sciences" - "Academic";
"Mogilevskaya" - "Socialist";
"Avtozavodskaya" - just "Avtozavod";
"Partizanskaya" - "Partizansky Prospekt";
"Proletarian" - "Minsk-Vostochny";
"Frunzenskaya" - "Jubilee";
"Sports" - "Rakovskaya";
"Stone Hill" - "Red Hill".
Мmetropolitan In Minsk became the ninth in the USSR. Before the Second World War, the metro was only in Moscow. After the war, the "subway" was built in Leningrad (1955), Kiev (1960), Tbilisi (1966), Baku (1967), Kharkov (1975), Tashkent (1977). d.), in Yerevan (in 1981).
Чfour escalator tapes on Oktyabrskaya it was planned to launch before the opening of the metro in Minsk. But Moscow officials did not allow this idea to become a reality, arguing that only the Moscow and Leningrad metro can afford such a “luxury”.
Unlike other subways built under the Soviet regime, metro in Minsk has one feature - shallow depth at which the stations are located. There are two reasons why this was done. The first is cost savings, and the second is a high level of groundwater rise. It is because of this that some stations are located only at a depth of 10-17 meters. It is also noteworthy that along the second branch there is a small section where the subway (passage) runs along the surface. The builders decided, due to natural conditions, not to dig a tunnel, but to make an artificial embankment. This place is located near Sudmalis street.
During the construction of the first section of the metro from Moskovskaya to the Institute of Culture, not a single building was destroyed or demolished.
History of Minsk the metro keeps a lot of mysteries and secrets. For example, during the construction of the Nemiga station, the remains of an ancient castle, household items and various artifacts of that time were found. Builders quite often found old coins. It is also impossible not to mention the unique finds: mammoth tusks (October Square), bones of a prehistoric elephant (between the Borisovsky Trakt and Uruchcha stations).
Each metro station has its own thoughtful design, most often it is associated either with the location, name, or with some specific historical event. But there is one exception - this is Chelyuskintsev Park. Pyotr Masherov proposed to decorate the station in memory of the tragedy in Khatyn. But in Moscow, this idea was considered too gloomy and the theme “Seasons” was chosen. But about a month before the commissioning of the station from the State Planning Commission, they decided to cancel the previously proposed design theme. Just change - the officials did not report. Since then, "Park Chelyuskintsev" pales in front of the original design of other stations of that time.
Today, in terms of traffic volume, our subway ranks 4th among 16 subways in the CIS countries.
The first three lines are occupied by Moscow, St. Petersburg and Kiev.
The history of the Minsk metro contains many facts and events, cases and decisions that predetermined the appearance of the current "subway". It can be interesting and informative not only for Minsk residents, but also for all guests of the capital.