Historic castle Grodno, known as Old, occupies a special place in the history of the city. The first mention dates back to the XNUMXth century, when a wooden structure was built to protect the area from numerous enemies. During the long history of the city, the fortress has been modified and rebuilt several times. Today it is one of the main sightseeing Grodno.

The main sights of Grodno - Old Castle

Grodno Vitovt Castle

Old Castle - history

When Prince Vytautas came to power, he decided to rebuild the wooden fortress into a Gothic five-tower castle. The stone fortress was completed by 1400.

castle old Grodno

castle in Grodno

New milestone historical castle Grodno received in the middle of the XVI century, turning into a residence Stefan Batory. The king commissioned an Italian architect Santi Gucci Fiorentino change the appearance of a harsh fortress and give it the appearance of a Renaissance palace. During that period, the Vytautas towers were partially dismantled.

general view of the castle old grodno

Particular attention during the reconstruction was paid to the main palace, where the office, treasury, arsenal, royal rooms and other premises were located on the floors. It is interesting that the floors were in no way connected with each other and it was possible to get to the necessary one only with the help of a separate entrance.

In the middle of the XNUMXth century, the castle was badly damaged during Russian-Polish war. Thanks to the efforts of the Lithuanian chancellor and Grodno headman Kshishtov Sigismund Pac the castle has been restored. A new building was erected on its territory, where the Seimas of the Commonwealth were held.

Historic old castle in Grodno

However, at the beginning of the 1729th century, the castle was rebuilt again after it was burned down by Swedish troops during the Great Northern War. In XNUMX, the castle underwent a significant remodeling and simplification.

Castles of Belarus Grodno

A little later, in the middle of the XNUMXth century, construction was completed. New Castle, which took a dominant place in the political and cultural life of the city.

Grodno Palace after reconstruction

In the XNUMXth century, after the annexation of Grodno to the Russian Empire Old lock turned into royal barracks. At the same time, all decor and decorations completely disappear from its facades.

Vitovt's Grodno Palace

After 1927, they tried to restore the Old Castle, but the start of work was constantly postponed. After the end of the Second World War, a partial restoration of the facade was carried out, and in parallel, archaeological excavations were carried out. Archaeologists have found a church that dates back to the middle of the XNUMXth century. It is believed that this temple was built in a similar way as Kolozha church. During the construction, not only bricks were used, but also huge boulders, divided in half.

Grodno old castle
this is how the gate and the bridge looked like in 2015
Old castle Grodno Belarus
Brama in 2021, summer

To date, the project of reconstruction of the castle is being actively implemented. Architects and restorers plan to partially recreate the castle from the era of Stefan Batory. It is planned to open museum expositions: "Barbican Gallery", "Chapel", "Small Canopy", "Royal Bath" and some others. In addition, you can look at the excavations inside the old castle.

How to get to Grodno to the Old Castle?

Grodno is the western capital Belarus. By car from Minsk It takes about 3 hours and 30 minutes to get here. It is optimal to move along the M6 ​​highway. Read also what to see on the way to Grodno.

Are you planning a trip by public transport? Then it is best to go by train or minibus. If you want faster and cheaper, then bla bla car to help. The castle itself is located at Zamkova street, 22. Open from 10:00 to 18:00, ticket office until 17:00. (now at the final stage of reconstruction, so it may be closed).

In the historical center of the city it will be interesting to visit Great Choral Synagogue и Church of Francis Xavier... Other sights of Grodno.

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