Gomel in one day
As is known, Travel - a great way to relax your soul and recharge your positive energy for a long time. Many seek to travel abroad, but in Belarus there are many cities with an interesting history, old architecture and pleasing nature. In this article we will tell what to see in Gomel, which sights must be visited, as well as prompt interesting excursions.
Gomel for the first time it is mentioned in the annals of 1142. There are several assumptions about where the name of the city came from: from the name of the stream Gomeyuk, from the word "gom”(this is how the hill was called before, and the city was built on it), from the old Belarusian greeting“Dats near Gomel' - pound on the shoulder with a fist.
The city was part of the Novgorod-Seversky principality. Belonged to Prince Igor Svyatoslavovich, the hero of The Tale of Igor's Campaign. In 1335 he became part of the ON. After the first partition of the Commonwealth, becoming part of the Russian Empire, as a gift from Catherine II, he passed to the commander Peter Rumyantsev-Zadunaisky. This name is associated with the second birth of Gomel and its rise. For 25 years, Count Rumyantsev built the city of his dreams, trying to bring to it all the best that he saw in Europe during his diplomatic service.
During the Great Patriotic War, Gomel was the official capital of Belarus for 7 months. The war destroyed 80% of the city, but restoration developed at a rapid pace, and almost all pre-war industries resumed their work by 1950
The Chernobyl disaster became Gomel a strong shock, since he fell into the zone of radioactive contamination. The economic crisis in the late 80s also further aggravated the situation. The gradual revival of the city began only in 1996. The suburban railway station, the Central Stadium were rebuilt, the main sights were reconstructed and monuments were erected.
Now it is a beautiful city, which is a pleasure to walk around. Of course, it will take more than one day to fully get to know him, but if you are limited in time, pay attention to the main sights of Gomel.
The main sights of Gomel
Palace and park ensemble. Located on Lenin Square, 4. Opening hours: Tuesday - Sunday, 11.00 - 19.00. This large park area, located on the right bank of the Sozh River, includes several monuments of history, archeology and nature.
Gomel park, created in 1777, is a unique botanical monument of nature, in which 84 species of trees and 79 species of shrubs grow.
There are rare tree species brought from abroad, many trees are of honorable age, for example, 2 oaks grow in the park, which are already 200 years old.
Thanks to the unusual landscape, a walk through the park is a journey through several levels: stairs and paths, crossings over bridges. You can admire the Embankment from above, or you can go down.
Rumyantsev-Paskevich Palacelocated in the central part of the park. Opening hours: Tuesday - Friday, 11.00 - 19.00 Saturday-Sunday, 10.00 - 18.00.
This building is familiar to every Belarusian, even if he has never traveled to Gomel: his image is printed on a 20 ruble bill.
Palace Tour, built in the style of classicism at the end of the XNUMXth century, will plunge you into the atmosphere of the times of magnificent balls and state receptions.
On the left side of the building rises a 32-meter four-tiered tower. In it you can get acquainted with the exhibition "The owners of the Gomel estate Rumyantsev and Paskevich", the original exhibits of which include paintings, sculptures, personal belongings of the commander Ivan Paskevich and documents related to the history of the creation of the city and the palace and park ensemble of the late XNUMXth-early XNUMXth centuries.
Peter and Paul Cathedral. Located next to the palace cathedral 19th century. It has the shape of a cross in section; on its territory there is the grave of Count Rumyantsev.
Chapel-tomb of the Paskeviches. Near the Peter and Paul Cathedral there is a unique building - Paskevich family crypt. Moscow motifs of the XNUMXth century can be traced in the architecture of the crypt. This is the burial place of I.F. Paskevich and his family. They also say that you can meet ghosts inside.
Winter Garden. Another part of the park complex. The greenhouse of the Winter Garden appeared in 1877 with Fyodor Paskevich. In order for rare and exotic plants to grow in the best conditions, 2 Russian stoves were built under the building to regulate the temperature.
The inner walls of the greenhouse are lined with natural minerals so that climbing plants can form a living carpet on their surface. The oldest of these plants is the Hamerops palm, planted in 1888. Now in the Winter Garden you can see 18 species of subtropical plants, including figs, fig trees, magnolia, high aspidistra.
observation tower. Located next to the Winter Garden, it looks like a truncated cone 32 meters high with a spiral staircase leading to the observation deck. It offers a beautiful view of the Embankment and the historical part of the city.
What else to see in Gomel? Be sure to walk along the three main streets of the city: Pushkin, Sovetskaya and along Lenin Avenue. Here you can find bronze sculptures, the so-called gingerbread houses and other beautiful buildings.
Square them. Andrei Gromyko (popularly Pioneer Square). There are 8 light figures of world-famous buildings installed here: Big Ben, the Leaning and Eiffel Towers, the Moscow Kremlin, the Egyptian composition, the Parus Hotel in Dubai, the Brest Fortress and the National Library.
Interesting museums in Gomel
Puppet show. Address: st. Pushkin, 14. Located directly behind Pioneer Square. Created in 1968. Performances are staged for children, mostly fairy tales. At the entrance to the theater there are figures of famous fairy-tale characters.
Museum of Military Glory. Address: st. Pushkina, 5. Opening hours: Wednesday-Sunday, 11.00 - 19.00. For lovers of military equipment, there is an extensive exposition of tanks and aircraft.
Museum of Criminology. Address: st. Pushkina, 1. Opening hours: Wednesday-Sunday, 11.00 - 19.00
Created in 2010 on the basis of the Museum of Military Glory. It shows the history of Belarusian criminalistics from 1917 to the present day. The uniform of Belarusian policemen, weapons and technical equipment are presented. You will learn about the most interesting and intricate criminal cases, get acquainted with materials about a group of diamond swindlers, about gangster groups of "Morozovites" and "firefighters".
We hope you found our content helpful. what to see in Gomel. If you plan to stay in the city for a few days, then take a look apartment и Hotels. Travel, expand your horizons and be sure to share your impressions and photos with friends and family.